The earliest species of Pomeranian was found in Germany. In fact the name “Pomeranian” comes from the old province Pomerania.
There is amazingly little known about the Pomeranians origins, so it’s hard to place these friendly dogs with a proper history.
It was once thought that they originated in Greece. However, artifacts show that the Grecian “pomlike” dog does not share the same genetic make-up with the German Pomeranian. These small, yet feisty dogs share the same genetic material with many types of sledding, hunting and herding dogs from northern Europe.
The Pomeranian is a breed of dog which is said can relate to its human owners better than any other breed. They are usually very easy to train, but do need constant contact to learn properly.
Housebreaking is usually easy to accomplish, because Pomeranians are very clean dogs, some say almost a “catlike cleanliness.”
When housebreaking there needs to be consistency and plenty of praise involved. Most people think that when your dog has an accident inside they are supposed to rub the dogs nose in the mess and through her outside. This is probably the worse thing you can do when training your Pom. All that will happen is she will feel confused and hurt and will not understand that they’ve done something wrong.
When housebreaking, after every meal and drink that your Pom has you will want to take it outside to relieve herself. Your pup needs to be taken out on a regular schedule and the last trip outside needs to be made as late as possible before you go to bed. Also, first thing very early in the morning your pup will need to be taken outside. When she does go in the correct “relief spot”, you will need to treat and praise very enthusiastically every time.
There are many warning signs that your pup will give you if she needs to go outside. She will look very anxious and begin to circle around and sniff, looking for a place to relieve herself. She may try to get your attention by whining or barking and running to the door.
If your pup doesn’t make it outside calmly pick her up and place her outside. Make sure and do this even if she’s already finished relieving herself. Clean the accident site very thoroughly and it’s best to use a cleaner that works on enzymes.
While your pup is in the “relief spot” don’t use harsh tones or punish her in anyway. She needs to feel comfortable in this spot. It’s also important not to scream at your pup if she has an accident and don’t EVER hit your Pom.
Pomeranians also make good little watch dogs. With the proper training a person can teach their pet to know what to bark at. This way, she warns about intruders, but doesn’t scare you to death when you want a midnight snack.
If you don’t want to send your Pom to an obedience school there are many tips to get you started on the basic training of her.
If you are collar training her, some experts believe that a choke chain is most effective and humane. If used correctly the chain will not harm the dog and can be used to teach the dog what not to do by gently pulling back and firmly saying “no.”
Teaching your Pom to sit is really very simple. With the training collar gently pull up their head while at the same time pushing their hind end down and saying “sit.” While dog is in sitting position treat her with a biscuit and a lot of praise. Repeat these steps until she understands to sit when you say “sit.”
The “stay” command can be very difficult, but can be achieved with patience. If you would like to teach the “stay” command it’s very important that first your pup has mastered the “sit” command. The first thing that you need to do is place your Pom in a sitting position, holding the dogs head up with the training collar. Firmly command “stay” while lowering your palm in front of your pups face and calmly stepping away. You must make sure that every time these steps are repeated they are copied the exact same way each time. It’s also important to keep eye contact with your pup at all times while saying the command.
Your pup will not be able to stay for long periods of time in the beginning, so it’s important to praise your pup no matter how long they stay. You will want to treat the pup and praise her the same way as the sit command.
Along with being fast learners, Pomeranians also seems to have an insight into how its owner is feeling. They seem to know how to react when their owner is sad or happy. For instance, in one case, when a woman was sad and would cry her dog would come up to her and look like she was trying to comfort her.
When most people see a Pomeranians small stature and cute face they think the dog is totally helpless. In truth they are nothing of the sort. Pomeranians are very independent and very protective of their personal property (i.e. toys or food).
Among their many good attributes, they also have a very unique way of eating. Most Poms will take a mouthful of food from their bowl and take it away to eat at their own leisure. No one really knows why they do this, but one owner felt that it looked like his Pom was “protecting” his food from the other dog in the house.
There is a type of Pomeranian that is not a natural breed, but is an “accident.” These are called “Teacup Pomeranians.” Teacups weigh about 1 to 2 lbs. and can occur through inbreeding. Teacups get sick more often and have many heart problems making them have a shorter life span than a normal Pom. Though these “dwarf” Poms may be very cute, owning one can lead to a lot of heartache. Because of their small size and common heart problems, they shouldn’t be allowed to become pregnant. The strain can be too much for them and they more than likely will not live through it.
When deciding whether or not a Pomeranian is a good pet for you, remember that they demand a lot of attention and even more love. They are fun, cute, attentive and easy to train, but you need to be patient with them and don’t scare them (that will break their trust in you). So if you think you’re up to the task a Pomeranian can make a great pet and friend.
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